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Arthritis is defined as the swelling or stiffness in the joints. However, arthritis is also used to describe conditions that affect the joints, tissues surrounding the joint and other connective tissue. The most common form of arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis. We sat down with Dr. Belal Saadat, a leading orthopedic surgeon in the field of orthopedic medicine to discuss arthritis and its treatment.
He has a special interest in hand and upper extremity surgery and the problems relating to it. Dr. Saadat also tells us how one can live a good quality of life with arthritis.
Q1. What is Arthritis?
Arthritis is a very prevalent health condition and it is what is commonly referred to as “joint pain” or more commonly “knee pain”. These are the patients in which the aging process of the joints starts abruptly.
There are two most common types of arthritis; Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis. The main difference between the two is that osteoarthritis is caused by mechanical wear and tear whereas rheumatoid arthritis is caused when the body’s own system attacks the body’s joints.
Q.2. What are the causes of arthritis?
Well, there are many factors that cause arthritis such as age, weight, sex, (more common in females) and hereditary factors.
Another factor is diet. If our diets are devoid of calcium and vitamin D, we are inching closer to joint problems. Lack of sunlight exposure contributes to a vitamin D deficiency.
These are the main causes that are making arthritis problems very common in our population.